Under India's Presidency, UNSC Adopts Strong Resolution On Afghanistan

The UN Security Council, below India’s Presidency, adopted a powerful decision demanding that territory of Afghanistan not be used to threaten any nation or shelter terrorists and that it expects the Taliban will adhere to commitments made by it relating to the secure and orderly departure from the nation of Afghans and all international nationals. 

The Security Council on Monday adopted the decision sponsored by France, UK and the US with 13 members voting in favour, none in opposition to and everlasting, veto-wielding members Russia and China abstaining.

This was the primary decision adopted by the highly effective 15-nation Council on the state of affairs in Afghanistan following the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban and got here on the penultimate day of India’s Presidency of the Security Council for the month of August. Reaffirming its robust dedication to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, and nationwide unity of Afghanistan, the decision “condemns in the strongest terms the deplorable attacks” of August 26 close to the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul for which the Islamic State in Khorasan Province, an entity affiliated with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Da’esh) claimed duty and which resulted in deaths and accidents of over 300 civilians and 28 army personnel.

The UNSC decision took be aware of the Taliban’s condemnation of the assault. The decision calls for that Afghan territory not be used to threaten or assault any nation or to shelter or prepare terrorists, or to plan or to finance terrorist acts, and reiterates the significance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan, together with these people and entities designated pursuant to decision 1267 (1999), and notes the Taliban’s related commitments.

The decision notes the Taliban assertion of August 27, 2021, during which the Taliban dedicated that Afghans will be capable to journey overseas, might depart Afghanistan anytime they need to, and will exit Afghanistan through any border crossing, each air and floor, together with on the reopened and secured Kabul airport, with nobody stopping them from travelling, expects that the Taliban will adhere to those and all different commitments, together with relating to the secure, safe, and orderly departure from Afghanistan of Afghans and all international nationals. The Council, by means of the decision, additionally took be aware of the “dangerous security situation” across the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul and “expresses concern that intelligence indicates further terrorist attacks may take place in the area, calls on the relevant parties to work with international partners to take steps to strengthen security and to prevent further casualties, and requests that every effort be made to allow for the rapid and secure reopening of the Kabul airport and its surrounding area.”

US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield in her rationalization of the vote stated by means of the decision we’ve got spoken as soon as once more on the pressing must sort out the intense risk of terrorism in Afghanistan. Last week’s horrific assault in Kabul demonstrated the very actual risk that terrorist teams like ISIS-Ok pose.” President Joe Biden has made clear that America will do what’s necessary to defend our security and our people. And the entire international community is committed to ensuring that Afghanistan is never again a safe haven for terrorism,” she stated.

She stated the decision establishes clear expectations relating to the way forward for Afghanistan – that the Security Council expects the Taliban to dwell as much as its dedication to facilitate secure passage for Afghans and international nationals who need to depart Afghanistan, whether or not it is at the moment, tomorrow, or after August 31′. On the abstentions by Russia and China, she stated we have been dissatisfied with the abstentions of Russia and China. I’ll let you know that inside the P5 we consulted very intently. “We took into account some of the concerns that both the Chinese and the Russians raised in the draft resolution that was eventually approved. So, the fact that they abstained, I think they will have to explain themselves. But I think the Security Council spoke strongly, and what’s in the resolution, I think, are issues that are important to every single member of the Security Council including China and Russia, she said.

Russia’s Permanent Representative Vassily Nebenzia said Moscow was forced to” abstain through the vote on the decision on Afghanistan as a result of the authors of the draft ignored our principled considerations. He stated even if the decision was proposed in opposition to the backdrop of a horrible terrorist assault, the authors categorically refused to consult with a passage on the struggle in opposition to terrorism containing internationally recognised terrorist organisations ISIL and the East Turkistan Islamic Movement.

We see this as a reluctance to acknowledge the apparent and a want to divide terrorists into ours and theirs and… to downplay the fear threats coming from these teams. We perceive the explanations that incited the authors to attempt to use the authority of the Security Council to undertake the decision on this kind and in such a decent timeframe however maybe if we had extra time, the results of the vote would have been totally different.

Chinese Ambassador Geng Shuang stated the international locations involved circulated the draft decision final Friday night, demanding motion to be taken on Monday. China has big doubts in regards to the necessity and urgency of adopting this decision and the stability of its content material. Despite this, China has nonetheless participated constructively within the consultations and put ahead essential and cheap amendments along with Russia. Unfortunately, our amendments haven’t been absolutely adopted.,” Geng said.

China has always opposed imposing or forcefully pushing for resolution by any sponsors. Based on the above considerations China has abstained from this draft resolution,” Geng added. He stated within the face of the basic adjustments within the home state of affairs in Afghanistan, it’s obligatory for the worldwide group to interact with the Taliban, and actively present them with steerage.

In Beijing, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin stated, “China has huge doubts about the necessity and urgency of adopting this resolution and the balance of its content.” Despite this, Wang stated China has nonetheless participated constructively within the consultations and put ahead essential and cheap amendments along with Russia. UK’s envoy to the UN Ambassador Barbara Woodward stated the decision is a vital step in direction of a unified worldwide response to the state of affairs in Afghanistan. We will proceed to construct on this to make sure the Council holds the Taliban accountable on its commitments.

The Taliban might be judged by the worldwide group on the premise of their actions on the bottom, not their phrases. The robust decision reaffirms the significance of upholding human rights together with these of girls, youngsters and minorities, encourages all events to hunt an inclusive, negotiated political settlement, with the complete, equal and significant participation of girls, that responds to the will of Afghans to maintain and construct on Afghanistan’s positive factors over the past twenty years. It requires strengthened efforts to offer humanitarian help to Afghanistan, calls on all events to permit full, secure, and unhindered entry for the UN and all humanitarian actors to make sure that humanitarian help reaches all these in want.


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